Genetics in medicine is the study of human disease and genetic relationship of a comprehensive subject.Study on genetic disease pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, transfer method, prognosis, recurrence risk and Prevention.Recurrent so as to control the genetic disease in a family, reduce the harm it in the crowd.The main contents include:cellular and molecular basis of genetic,chromosome aberration and chromosome disease,molecular basis of genetic,the basic laws of heredity,signal gene disease,complex diseases,hereditary enzymopathy,population genetic,cancer genetics and the basic experimental techniques in medical genetics.
Histology and embryology is a basic course for clinical medicine, divided into two parts, histology and embryology. The histology is the science of body micro structure. This course mainly introduces basic organization and system, such as the organs structures under the optical microscopes and electron microscopes, including histological introduction, epithelial tissue, connective tissue, cartilage and bone, blood and blood, muscle tissue and nerve tissue, nervous system, circulatory system, immune system, skin, the endocrine system, the digestive tube and digestive gland, respiratory system, eyes and ears, urinary system and reproductive system of male and female reproductive system. Embryology is the study of biological ontogenesis and mechanism, including germ cells, fertilization, embryo, etc.
Pathology is a basic course for clinical medicine, which addresses four components of disease, cause/etiology, mechanisms of development (pathogenesis), structural alterations of cells (morphologic changes), and the consequences of changes (clinical manifestations).
Cell biology is in close relationship with other courses such as biochemistry, genetic, molecular biology and medical science. This course introduces the basic concepts and fundamental theories of cellular biology including the structure and function of membranes and cytoskeletons; molecular basis of cellular structure, organization, proliferation, and movement; differentiation and functions of specialized cell types.
Microbiology is an introductory course dealing with bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microorganisms. The contents will cover microbial morphology, reproduction, nutrition, growth, metabolism, genetics, mutation, pathogenicity, immune response, and practical application in industry and agriculture.
Physiology is a science of studying normal biological functions, and the regulatory factors involved in these functions. Contents of this course include: cellular fundamental functions; blood; blood circulation; respiration; digestion and absorption; energy metabolism and body temperature; urine formation and excretion; function of the sensory organs; function of the nervous systems; endocrine and reproduction.
Biochemistry describes the chemical processes and mechanisms shared by all living organisms. The properties of amino acids; the structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates; the kinetics and catalytic mechanisms of enzymes; the functions of vitamin, co-enzyme and hormone; transmembrane transportation; glycolysis; citric acid cycle; TCA cycle; electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation; glycogen metabolism; fat acids metabolism and amino acids metabolism are included in this course.