Electromagnetism is a part of classical physics. This course covers basic experimental laws of electromagnetic interactions. And on the basis, the course gradually reveals the characteristics, properties, internal links and change of the special matter, electromagnetic fields. Because the electromagnetic phenomena are widespread and have a wide range of technical applications, electromagnetism has become an important foundation of physics and other science and technology. The main contents of electromagnetism include: experimental law of mutual interactions of charges, the nature of electrostatic fields, conductors and dielectrics in electrostatic fields, the basic law and its applications of the DC circuits, the experimental laws of interaction of electric currents, the nature of the constant magnetic fields, motion of charged particles in a magnetic fields, the transformation of electromagnetic fields between different systems of reference, electromagnetic induction and the transient process, magnetic media, the basic law and its applications of the AC circuits, Maxwell electromagnetic field theory and electromagnetic waves, electromagnetic unit systems.
In this course, we shall introduce the elementary mechanics to the first year physics-major undergraduate students. The following materials are covered: The motion of a single particle in terms of the Cartesian coordinates and the polar coordinates. Galileo’s relativity principle; Dynamics, including Newton’s laws, equation of motion, inertial frames and the center of mass for many-particle systems; The momentum conservation theorem and collisions between two particles; The concept of potential energy and the energy conservation theorem; The angular momentum conservation theorem and the motion of a particle in a central field; The motion of a rigid body, including its rotation about a fixed axis, its planar motion as well as the definitions of the inertia tensor and the principal axes of inertia; The basic knowledge of liquid such as the concept of the fluid velocity field, the equation of continuity, ideal liquid and Bernoulli’s equation; Oscillations and waves, including the harmonic oscillation, the damped oscillation, the forced oscillation under friction, the elastic waves such as the transverse plane wave in solids and the longitudinal sound waves in gas, the Doppler effect, the reflection of wave, the standing wave and the wave equation; The special theory of relativity, including the Michelson-Morley experiment, the Lorentz transformation, the dilation of time, the transverse Doppler effect, the concept of the space-time vector, the space-time vector form of momentum and energy for a single particle and the Einstein energy-momentum relation.
In the meantime, we shall also help students on making a smooth transition from their high-school experience to the college style of reading and thinking as quickly as possible. That is extremely important for their future success in research.
This course is target for the students with quantitative background, such physics, chemistry, and geology, to systematically learn how study the thermal physics properties of a system (gas, liquid, or solid) with large number of microscopic particles. Through analyze some basic physics phenomena, it introduce the thermal physics properties of the system, and the basic methods to analyze the system, such as statistic physics. The course also introduce basic principles of thermal physics. The main contains of the course include: the concept of equilibrium state and state equation; temperature and 0th thermodynamic principle; energy conservation and 1st principle of thermodynamics; the concept of entropy and 2ed principle of thermodynamics; transportation property of gas and its microscopic explanation; the microscopic model of idea gas; Maxwell velocity distribution and speed distribution, Boltzmann distribution, freedom dimension and energy distribution in freedom dimension, the microscopic explanation of 2ed principle of thermodynamics; first and second order of phase transition; molecular force and non-idea gas, etc..
Atomic physics is the subject that studies the microscopic structures and relevant interactions of matter. Based on the preliminary knowledge of quantum mechanics, the course is aimed at introducing the structures and spectra of atoms and molecules, as well as the structures and properties of nuclei, and the concept of fundamental particle physics.
"Electrodynamics" is an fundametally important theory course for undergraduate students majored in physics. The course systematically teachs the basic rules of electromagnetism, properties of electromagnetic field and its interaction with charged matter. The course also includes an introduction to special relativity.
The major contents of the course include: The energy momentum tensor of electromagnetic wave, Maxwell equation and Lorentz equation; Variable separable method, mirror-image method in solving static electric and magnetic field, Green`s function method; The concept of gauge transformation and electromagnetic gauge invariance and their physical meaning; Propagation and radiation of electromagnetic field; The interaction between a moving electrically charged particle and elctromagnetic field; Special relativity, it historical background and experimnetal facts, fundamental priciples of special relativity and Lorent transformation, space-time theory of special relativity; The propagation, dispersion and dissipation of electromagnetic field travelling in the medium.
Equations of Mathematical Physics
The course focuses on the discussion on the well-posedness and methods to solve various type problems of partial differential equations. The main topics of this course include the derivations and well-posedness of various type problems of three classical partial differential equations, method of characteristics curve, methods of separation of variables, Bessel functions and Legendre functions and their applications, method of Green functions, method of integral transformation
The purpose of this course is to guide students into the fascinating microscopic scales world of quantum physics. We will learn the basic physical principles and basic mathematical tools of non-relativistic quantum mechanics, and this simple basic theory is applied to a variety of interesting physical phenomena. The course content includes: kets and bras from Dirac, Schrodinger equation of motion, the Heisenberg equation of motion, mechanical observables and representation transformation, collapse of measurement and uncertainty principle. Here, we also will learn to solve one-dimensional potential well, harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom and two-level system, time-independent perturbation theory, variational method, time-dependent perturbation theory.
Function of Complex Variable
The course focuses on the basic theory of complex variable functions. The main contents include: complex numbers and the complex plane, complex functions and analytic functions, integrals, harmonic functions, the series of analytic functions, residues and its applications, analytic prolongation, the gamma function, conformal mapping, Laplace transformation.
Methods of Mathematical Physics
"This course is set for the students with physics major of the School of Physics, but also can be reference for students with other physics class of majors. On the basis of Calculus (calculus of one variable and several variables, power series and Fourier series, ordinary differential equations, vector analysis, linear algebra), this course focuses on the basic properties of analytic functions and its applications, including the Γ function, integral transform and δ function, and on preparing for the relevant physics theory courses.
Advanced Quantum Mechanics
In this course, we shall introduce some basic techniques of quantum mechanics to deal with few-body and many-body systems. Our purpose is to make the first-year graduate students well prepared for their further study on quantum field theory and quantum many-body theory.
Astronomy plays an important role in the culture development of our mankind, and now astrophysics becomes its main component, focusing on planet, star, galaxy, the Universe, and also black hole and neutron star. This course introduces various astrophysical phenomena as well as the underlying physics, based on both classical (including the general relativity) and quantum physical laws.
Fundamental Astronomy course mainly includes the following content: Telescope, coordinates, time and calendar, kinematics and distance of celestial objects, planets, solar systems, stars, milky way, extra-galactic galaxies, and the structure and evolution of the Universe.
Following the recent rapid developments in observational cosmology, Einstein`s general relativity has been becoming more and more important in science and technology. It is a course, which should be grasped by every theoretical physicist, not independent of other physical courses. In this course, the fundamental priniciple, theoretical bases and the applications of general relativity will be introduced.
From this course the students will learn the main aspects of modern physics, including its wonderful ideas and great progress. The course will provide a conception and knowledge base for subsequent studies. The course is aimed at students at their second year in the university, either in fall or spring semester. For students continuing in Physics major, this course helps to stimulate their interests and to open their eyes to a new fantastic world. For those who will pursue other fields, this course should give them necessary knowledges to apply new physics tools.
Modern Physics Laboratory
The purposes of Modern Physics Laboratory are to give students hands-on experience with some of the experimental basis of modern physics and, in the process, to deepen their understanding of the relations between experiment and theory, and to improve their capability of finding, analyzing and solving physics problems through experiments.
The main parts of this course are: the geometrical optics theory and the wave theory for light propagation - including the Fermat`s principle, the optical ray equation, the Huygens - Fresnel principle, the Fresnel - Kirchhoff diffraction, the reflection and the refraction of light waves at interfaces, the propagation of light waves in anisotropic media; the statistical properties of light waves - including the temporal coherence and the spatial coherence of light waves, the polarization of light waves; optical instruments and devices - including spherical mirrors, thin lenses, ideal imaging systems, microscopes, telescopes, wave-front division based interferometers, the Fabry - Perot interferometer, spectrometers with gratings, the Lyot filter, optical information processing systems, phase contrast microscopes, the principle of the holography; basics of the photometry and the colorimetry; quantum properties of the light.
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
In this course, we shall introduce 1)The fundamental principles of thermodynamics, 2)Thermodynamic quantities of homogeneous material, 3)Thermodynamics of phase transition, 4)Phase equilibrium and chemical equilibrium of multi-component system,5) Most probable distribution of approximate non-interacting particles, 6)The Boltzmann Statistics, 7) The Bose and Fermi Statistics, 8)Statistical ensembles, 9)Fluctuations, 10)Non-equilibrium statistics
"In this course, I will introduce the fundamental physics knowledge of semiconductor, including the states of electrons in semiconductor, carrier transport properties, equilibrium statistics of carriers, pn junction, MIS structure, metal-semiconductor contact, and heterojunction etc. After studing this course, the students should master the fundamental physics knowledge of semiconductor, especially the I-V characteristics of various structures, including pn junction, MIS structure, metal-semiconductor contact, and heterojunction etc., and can apply these knowledges to practical semiconductor device application. "
Solid State Physics
This course teaches fundamental knowledge and theory in solid state physics, helping students to understand basic concepts and analyze problems, and providing a solid background in their preparation for research, advanced study, or future career. It covers the following contents: classification of solids, lattice structure, lattice vibration, thermodyamic properties of crystals, defects in solids, phase transitions, free-electron theory, band theory, electron motion under electric and magnetic fields in solids, transport properties of solids. This course also introduces some active and important areas in condensed matter physics, such as semiconductors, surface physics, disordered systems, low-dimensional systems, and mesoscopic physics.