Crop breeding is not only the science researching crop breeding principles, breeding methods and important traits, but also practical science greatly related to biological production. Crop breeding is a required course for agronomy specialty. This course systematically describes the breeding objectives, genetic resources, breeding methods (including selection breeding, cross breeding, heterosis utilization, mutation breeding, distant breeding and ploidy breeding, population recurrent selection, biotechnology utility in crop breeding, and so on), breeding methods for special traits (such as disease and pest resistance breeding, stress resistance breeding and crop quality improvement ) and seed production.
Field Experiment and Statistical Analysis
Plant protection is a discipline-based compulsory of turf science, which describing occurrence and control of plant diseases and insect pests. The outline of the professional teaching plans according to the requirements and training objectives of turf science includes the harm of plant pests in agricultural production, the principle of plant protection, which is the "prevention first, integrated pest management," it is necessary to master the basic theory, basic knowledge and basic skills of plant pathology and entomology, as well as the major plant pest diagnostic methods , the occurrence and control methods. During the learning process, students should give their full initiative and enthusiasm to promote independent thinking and delve into the spirit of innovation.
Soil Fertilizer Science
Genetics aims to provide you with understanding of the law of heredity and variation of organisms. Consideration is given to the material base of heredity, the law of segregation, independent assortment and linkage and crossing-over; chromosome aberration, gene mutation, the relationship between gene and environment, quantitative inheritance, population genetics, gene, genome as well as gene expression and regulation.
Cell biology is in close relationship with other courses such as biochemistry, genetic, molecular biology and medical science. This course introduces the basic concepts and fundamental theories of cellular biology including the structure and function of membranes and cytoskeletons; molecular basis of cellular structure, organization, proliferation, and movement; differentiation and functions of specialized cell types.
Based on physiological and biochemical processes of plant development, plant physiology introduces the physical, chemical and molecular biological mechanisms in the processes. And it reveals the growth, development and differentiation rules of plant by studying the plant and the function of environmental condition.
Microbiology is an introductory course dealing with bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microorganisms. The contents will cover microbial morphology, reproduction, nutrition, growth, metabolism, genetics, mutation, pathogenicity, immune response, and practical application in industry and agriculture.
Introduction to the structure, diversity, and physiology of plants with an emphasis on evolutionary relationships and adaptations to life on land. Topics include growth, resource acquisition, interactions with other organisms (i.e., fungi, bacteria, insects), reproduction, and survival in extreme environments. Laboratory sessions provide an overview of plant and diversity and an introduction to basic physiological processes.
Insects are the most diverse group of animals on earth and are particularly well suited for the study of many basic biological principles. On the other hand, insects pose major threats to the production and storage of food and fiber, and to the health and comfort of people and domestic animals. Agricultural entomology is the important part of plant protection field. It is also the important course for the undergraduate of plant protection specialty. The Agricultural Entomology major is offered primarily for students whose professional orientation is directed toward either basic studies of insects or concerns about the protection of crops, stored products, domestic animals, and humans from the direct effect of insects or from the disease organisms they might spread.
This course mainly involves some basic theories and fundamental rules concerning the effect of agro-meteorological elements (light, heat, water, gas) on the growth and development of agricultural crops as well as the control technologies on weather conditions and the basic methods to establish agro-meteorological models. It lays a sound foundation for the follow-up professional courses.
Agricultural Plant Pathology
Agricultural Plant Pathology is one of the core courses for students major in Plant Protection. The content of this course includes the symptom of disease, the characteristics of plant pathogen, the disease epidemics, disease prediction and forecasting, and the disease management. By taking this course, students will get a deeply understanding of the principles of plant pathology and learn the strategies of integreted disease management . This course will emphasize on the principles of disease development and the management of major crop diseases. It is a joint between the course of Introduction of Plant Pathology and other courses in plant pathology field in depth.
This course includes three parts: 1. general entomology; 2. principle and theory of agricultural pest management; 3. analyze some examples of pest management.
Pesticide Science is one of the important courses for the students in Plant Protection discipline to study comprehensive theory knowledge and the basic experimental skill as well as the essential method for analyzing and solving the problems. The main contents include the agricultural chemicals, biogenic pesticides and other pesticides, the preparation formulation processing and the scientific applying technology, the resistance of pests to pesticides and the management of resistance, the catabolic behavior of pesticides in environment and its influence on the ecosystem, the method for the evaluation of control efficacy of pesticides in the field and the technology for bioassay of pesticides against the pests in laboratory and quality testing and so on. The course will focus on the agricultural pharmacy theory and the application technology, and pay attention to the classification of insecticides, fungicides and herbicides. The basic mechanisms of the pesticides to control pests will be specially introduced. And also supplement the new contents concerning the screening and application of novel pesticides and their environmental toxicology. Moreover, the materials and the related information in teaching can combine the basic theory with the new knowledge from the development of agriculture pharmacy discipline in recent years.
Plant Quarantine is a compulsory course facing to undergraduates of plant protection major in China Agricultural University. The purposes are to realize trainees’ overall understanding of plant quarantine theory and method, to foster their essential capability for future professional work in the area of plant quarantine. The main contents include: (1) the origin and development of plant quarantine, (2) the regulations and procedures of plant quarantine, (3) the techniques and application on plant quarantine, (4) plant quarantine pathogen, (5) plant quarantine insect pests, (6) plant quarantine weeds.
This course is designed to provide students with introductory level experiences in selected major areas of agricultural mechanics technology which may include small engine maintenance and repair, metal fabrication, concrete construction, building
construction, plumbing, electrical wiring, maintenance of agricultural machinery,equipment and tractors. Learning activities include information, skill development and problem solving.
Agro-ecology is a branch of ecology applied in agriculture. It is set up as a basic course of specialty because of the increasing agricultural resources and ecological problems which accompany with the development of agricultural productivity. Theory of ecology is the basic theory of agro-ecology. The content of the course mainly includes the structure and function of agro-ecosystem, agro-ecosystem regulation and optimization, utilization and protection of agricultural resources, the theory and practice of ecological agriculture in China etc. By studying this course, students can learn the basic conception, function,connection and adjusting mechanism of agro-ecosystem. They can also learn the basic theory of agro-ecology, the development of substitutive agriculture abroad and the theory and practice of ecological agriculture in China. The students will build up ecological ideas and agricultural production ideas which combine ecology and economics, thus they can organize and manage agricultural production macroscopically, systemically and holistically. The total teaching time is 24 hours.